Jaundice: Causes and Treatment

What is the Jaundice?

Jaundice is an infant condition that causes pale skin and yellowish cornea in babies. It affects a lot of children and in most cases it isn’t life threatening. It could naturally go off on it’s own.
Treatment should be administered in cases of serious jaundice as it can lead to fatal brain damage or death.

Causes of Jaundice

  1. Jaundice is caused as a result of excess waste product produced when red blood cells are broken down. The excess waste is called “Billirubin”. Because the liver has not be fully developed, it becomes difficult for it to breakdown Billirubin as fast as it is produced.
  2. Jaundice could also be caused by the interference of substances in the breast milk with the breakdown of Billirubin.
  3. Insufficient breast milk flow can also result to it.
  4. Abnormal red blood cells
  5. Rhesus Incompatibility
  6. Infections e.g Syphilis
  7. Symptoms
    The most common means to identify jaundice in babies are through the eyes and pale skin. Drowsiness and dark urine are also symptoms.

  8. Treatment
    Commonly, treatment for gentle jaundice in newborn children is superfluous, as it will in general vanish all alone inside about fourteen days.
    In the event that the newborn child has extreme jaundice, they may should be readmitted to the medical clinic for treatment to bring down degrees of bilirubin in the circulation system. In some less extreme cases, treatment might be done at home.
    Some treatment choices for extreme jaundice include:
    Exchange blood transfusion – the child’s blood is over and again pulled back and afterward supplanted (traded) with giver blood. This method might be thought of if phototherapy doesn’t work in light of the fact that the infant would should be in an emergency unit for babies.
    Phototherapy (light treatment) – treatment by light beams. The infant is put under an exceptional light, secured by a plastic shield to sift through bright light. The light controls the structure of bilirubin atoms so they can be discharged.
    Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) – in instances of rhesus or ABO incongruence, the newborn child may have a transfusion of immunoglobulin; this is a protein in the blood that brings down the degrees of antibodies from the mother, which are assaulting the baby’s red platelets.
    On the off chance that jaundice is brought about by something different, medical procedure or medication treatment might be required.

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